By Lisa Terech, Community Engagement
A number of years back, a popular board games manufacturer encouraged families to have ‘Family Game Night,’ and their commercials showed people around a table, playing games, rolling dice and having fun. Clearly they weren’t basing it on Monopoly nights at my family’s home; savage would be the best way to describe those experiences, but looked back on fondly. When we’re all back at home, or if we’re visiting each other, games of different varieties often get brought out: Scrabble, Trivial Pursuit, cards, and Munchkins, as introduced by cousins and my brother.
This desire for recreation, and perhaps a streak of competition, is something we’ve sought out for centuries, and evidence of board games can be found as far back as c. 3500 BCE. While our collection here at the Oshawa Museum may not stretch as far back as that, there is a wide variety of games that have been donated through the years, and here are just a few of my favourites.
On display in the Henry Parlour is a Fox and Geese board, although it’s often confused with Chinese Checkers. Variations of this game can be traced as far back as the 14th century, and the object of the game is for one player, the fox, to try and ‘eat’ the geese, and the opposing player in turn tries to trap the fox, or reach a destination on the board. Reportedly, this game was a favourite of Queen Victoria, which would justify its place in a Victorian era parlour. This game often gets comments from visitors while on tour, either curious as to how the game is played, or making connections, remembering playing something similar.
An interesting example in our collection reflects the desire for recreation and normalcy even in the worst of times. During World War II, the Canadian YMCA made Pocket Chess and Checker Sets available for military personnel. The example in our collection is ©1942 by Unique Items Co., New York. Stored in a portable paper sleeve was a checkered board and cardboard sheets, perforated so the playing pieces could be removed.
The Young Christian Men’s Association, YMCA, is one of “Canada’s longest standing and largest charities, with a presence in Canada since 1851 and now serving more than 2.25 million people annually across 1,700 program locations.” With values of caring, respect, honesty, responsibility, and inclusiveness, it is understandable this group would become involved during wartime. The YMCA stated:
From 1866 – 1946, YMCA War Services provided support in the form of recreation, religious, educational, and entertainment services to troops serving abroad. YMCA staff were a welcome sight and became known for offering moral support and comfort by delivering hot tea, equipment, biscuits and more to Canadian soldiers.
A simple game like chess or checkers, which could be easily carried, could be a welcome form of entertainment during the hardships of war.
Finally, a donation from 2015 brought a HUGE wave of nostalgia for me with the game Touring: The Great Automobile Card Game! Touring was originally designed by William Janson Roche, patented by the Wallie Dorr Company in 1906, and picked up by Parker Brothers in 1925. It’s interesting to note that this card game was created and became popular at a time when the automobile was in its early stages.
From the rules:
The object of the game is to score 110 miles by completing a set of Mileage cards. To accomplish this, one not only builds up Mileage as quickly as he may, but also adds to the excitement by obstructing his opponents by the play of DELAY cards upon their GO cards.
I cannot think back to summer times at a cottage, camping, or nights spent with family without thinking of Mille Bornes, a card game of French origin from the mid 1950s, based off Touring. The game is a road race, where you try to accumulate 1000 miles; you need a green light card to add miles, and your opponents can throw you obstacles along the way, like a flat time or running out of gas. Edmond Dujardin, the Mille Bornes creator, adapted Touring and added the Coup Fourré, a strategic safety card that can make you immune from different driving disasters.
It’s such a simple game, as it only requires the deck of cards, but my goodness the memories that this game can bring back is amazing. A few years ago, I got the game as a stocking stuffer, and I’m pretty sure we cracked it open before Christmas brunch.
Games are a source of entertainment and have been for centuries. Our collection is reflective of popular trends and societal influences.
Fox and Geese: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fox_games
YMCA Canada: http://ymca.ca/Who-We-Are/About-Us