The Month That Was – September 1931

Vaudeville Revue for Grand Stand To Be Best Ever
Tuesday, September 15th, 1931 – The Oshawa Daily Times

The directors of the Oshawa Fair have gone to great lengths this year to secure entertainment of the highest calibre for the big exhibition which opens to the public tomorrow. The free entertainment which is being provided in front of the grand stand, in particular, will surpass anything formerly offered at the Oshawa Fair. Every afternoon and evening, in addition to the band concerts which are always popular at the Oshawa Fair, there will be vaudeville acts by outstanding artists and a musical revue which will be even greater than that which was presented last year. This musical revue, known as Webb’s Passing Parade Revue, is coming here for the third consecutive year, and it is announced as the biggest grand stand attraction ever seen in Oshawa. Many startling sensations in the way of special acts, with beautiful girls presenting singing and dancing numbers, and funny comedians keeping the ground in good humour, will be included in the program.

One of the main features of the revue will be the Great Lakes All Girls Orchestra, a musical organization of girls who have won a splendid reputation for themselves as musicians who can really play the best of music. The Resee Sisters, clever dancers, Mack and Sullivan, dancers and Singers, and other well-known entertainers will have a place on the program of the grand stand show, which is expected to pack the grand stand on both afternoons and evenings.

Port Perry Star, 17 Sep 1931, p. 5

Horse Race Revival at Oshawa Fair
Tuesday, September 15th, 1931 – The Oshawa Daily Times

After a year’s absence from the program of Oshawa Fair, this year’s Fair will see a revival of that popular sport harness racing, with some of the fastest trotters and pacers in the Dominion taking part in the trials of speed on Wednesday and Thursday afternoon. To make this revival of horse racing a success, the directors in charge have scoured the country to secure the entries of the best horses that could be lined up to compete, and each afternoon there will be two fast events, with handsome purses offered, and with the best three of five heats to count. The people of Oshawa and district showed in July that they were willing to support good horse racing, and so the Fair directors have tried to get the very best to satisfy that demand. Already many fast horses are on the ground, and have been showing their places on the race track, so that a large entry is assured in each of the four events which will feature the grand stand program for the Fair.

Storm Sewer Progresses
Wednesday, September 16th, 1931 – The Oshawa Daily Times

Construction of a new section of storm sewer on Simcoe Street, from Bagot to King is proceeding at a good pace and is providing work for about 25 men who would otherwise be unemployed. The new storm sewer has been laid for a distance of about one block and excavation work is now proceeding in the second block.

Canadian Statesman, 10 Sep 1931, p. 5

Subway Work Going Ahead
Wednesday, September 16th, 1931 – The Oshawa Daily Times

The paving work undertaken by the city’s Board of Works at the C.N.R. Subway on Simcoe Street South is progressing rapidly, while preparations for the laying of the lines of the Street Railway Company is also nearing completion. The present road, especially the approach to the railway crossing, is in a terrible condition and in its present state is a menace to the safety of all vehicles.

Mayor In Toronto
Wednesday, September 16th, 1931 – The Oshawa Daily Times

Mayor Ernie Marks was in Toronto today in connection with a meeting of the Associated Theatres organization of which he is president.

Grounds Beautiful
Wednesday, September 16th, 1931 – The Oshawa Daily Times

The fine appearance of the grounds at the Ritson Road Public School has been the subject of much favourable comment this fall. By means of well laid out flower beds and shrubbery the caretaker has greatly beautified the school surroundings.

Rides Were Popular
Friday, September 18th, 1931 – The Oshawa Daily Times

The ferris wheel, merry-go-round, whip and aerial swing did a rushing business in the Oshawa Fair midway last night. All these rides seemed popular with the large crowds which thronged the midway.

Repairing Silo
Saturday, September 19th, 1931 – The Oshawa Daily Times

Work of re-conditioning the silo at the City Farm, which was scorched in the recent fire which destroyed the farm barn with its contents, has been commenced. The silo was note very badly damages but on examination cracks and other faults were found in the concrete caused by the excessive heat from the flames.

Constructed Freight Platform
Saturday, September 19th, 1931 – The Oshawa Daily Times

In addition to the new freight shed which was recently turned over to the city by the Department of Public Works at the local Harbour, a lengthy substantial platform has been erected as an approach to the shed on the wharf side to facilitate the handling of freight.

The Month That Was – August 1862

All articles originally appeared in The Oshawa Vindicator

August 6, 1862, Page 01
Petroleum
Experiment to Determine its Comparative Illuminating Power with Gas and Candles
(From the Scientific American)

It is not the difference in price per gallon between two burning fluids, or other agents employed in artificial illumination, that determines their respective cost for use. One burning fluid, such as a mixture of alcohol and turpentine, that costs only sixty cents per gallon, may be more expensive than sperm oil costing one dollar and a quarter; because the latter possesses three times the illuminating power of the former. It is well known that refined petroleum has lately driven all other burning fluids out of use, and one reason for this is its very low price. But, as we have already stated, this cannot determine its economy- its comparative illuminating power must also be known, to form a just estimate of its cost. Heretofore this has been unknown, but now we have a most valuable contribution to science in the record of a series of experiments conducted by Professor James. C. Booth, and Mr. Thomas H. Garret, of Philadelphia, and published in a later number of the Journal of the Franklin Institute.

Page 02
The War
 Memphis, July 28

Gen. Grant has ordered Gen. Sherman to take possession of all unoccupied dwellings, stores and manufactories for the Government, and also where the owners are absent rebels, to collect their rents for the Government. The Military Commissions has commenced taking a list.

The guerillas captured prominent citizens of Haywood county on Saturday, for selling cotton. One was shot dead while attempting to escape. The rest were taken to Mississippi.

Price has got 25 cannon across the Mississippi near Napoleon, and is endeavoring to cross his whole army. The rebels say Price is command Missouri, Hindman, Arkansas, and Magruder to be over both. The Union forces are ample to check them.

Washington, July 30

There is a report hero through contraband sources to the effect that large bodies of rebel troops are crossing the James River, South. The contrabands say they are evacuating Richmond.

Paris, Ky., July 30.

Yesterday a party of over 200 guerillas from Boone County under Col. Bullet, demanded the surrender of Mount Sterling, Ky. This being refused they attached the place but were repulsed by the Home Guards. During the retreat, the guerrillas were met by a party of the 8th Kentucky Volunteers under command of Major Braclit, who drove them back towards the town where they were again attacked by the Home Guards. The result was a complete stampede of the guerillas who lost all their horses, 8 killed and 48 taken prisoners. The number of wounded is not known.

Cairo, July 30.

The steamer “Platte Valley,” from Memphis, brings the news of the capture of the despatch boat “Sallie Wood,” by rebels 150 miles above Vicksburg. The rebels had a masked battery and succeeded in hitting her steampipe, disabling her. They took quite a number of prisoners and destroyed the boat. The “Queen of the West” was also fired into on her way up. Two or three were killed and several wounded.

Oshawa Grammar School
This institution proceeds with its fall session on Monday the 11th inst., and will, for the future, be carried on in the old English Church, near the western limits of the corporation. The Court House, where it had been located for the at six months, was found a very inconvenient place, owing to the proximity of the lock-up., and the interference with studies caused by taking prisoners through the school room. We are gratified to learn that our Grammar School gives promise of success in the hands of Professor Lunsden, to which success the move to the Church building will add materially.

The Temperance Society
The meeting on Friday evening last, for the appointment of Officers of the above mentioned Society, was not so largely attended as it ought to have been. The following chief officers were appointed:

President, A. Farewell, Esq.,
Secretary, P. Thornton,
Treasurer, C. R. Cook.

Very little other business was transacted, except to make arrangements for the next meeting, which, it was decided, should be held on the evening of Friday the 15th inst. It is expected that Rev. J. Smith, of Bowmanville, will be present and speak at next meeting. At the close of the lecture, some further arrangements for the enlargement and success of the Society will be made.

Page 03
Oshawa Shoe Factory

Oshawa, through the enterprise and liberality of her chief citizens, is becoming celebrated for manufacturers of various kinds. Among these is the shoe factory of Messrs. Thompson & French. This establishment was commenced in December last, with a few hands and two machines. The proprietors are both practical men; Mr. Thompson being thoroughly acquainted with the leather trade, having previously been engaged in the tanning business; and Mr. French is one of the first manufacturing hands in the Province. -They have all the machinery and conveniences necessary to a large business, which is steadily on the increase.

August 6, 1862, Page 014

August 13, 1862, Page 01
Drugs and Dysentery in the Army

One of our friends writing from the army, says: – “We have a number of sick in our division; their disease is principally diarrhea and intermittent fever, and the worst of it is, that all the drugs in God’s kingdom won’t cure them. I have had some experience in that line, having been hospital steward for the last six months; and I am fully convinced that if they would throw away their medicines and adopt the Water-Cure, the Grand Army of the Potomac would be better able to cope with traitors, because of the health of the men.”

There is truth in this. We have never seen a case of diarrhea that would not succumb to the syringe; and drugs produce intermittent fever instead of curing it.

The Tribe Prize Strawberries
From personal inquiries, and from letters and comments of the press, we judge that a little explanation is necessary. In the first place, we fully believe all that has been stated about the good qualities of these new seedling strawberries, not only from the repeated reports of competent and entirely disinterested gentlemen acting as judges, but from actual observations of the growth of the plants at many different times, and testing of the quality of the fruit by our own taste, year after year, when we had no idea of giving them to the subscribes of The Tribune.

Page 03
Enticing to Desert

The Captain and Mate of the City of Madison, a schooner plying between Toronto ad Oswege, and principally owned by Messrs. F. W. Cumberland and Lewis F. Grant, of the Northern Railway of Canada, have been committed to stand their trial at the ensuing Assizes, on a charge of enticing British soldiers to desert. It became known that several missing men of the 30th regiment, stationed at Toronto, had reached the United States by this schooner, and on four more being missed on Wednesday last, it was determined to search the vessel. The result was the finding of the four men secreted in the hold. The schooner was to have sailed in the evening. The Captain and Mate, who are Americans, and four other hands, were taken into custody, and examined at the Police Court.

August 13, 1862, Page 03

August 20, 1862 Page 01
Fruit as Medicine

The present year promises to be an excellent fruit year, and if so, we may congratulate the public on the prospect. Ripe fruit is the medicine of nature. Nothing could be more wholesome for men or child, and altho’ green fruit is, of course, almost as fatal as so much poison, the ripe is fully as thorough a health restorer and health preserver. Strawberries are certainly abundant in this direction, and have been for a long time. They are quite cheap, and being a favorite with all classes, constitute a popular luxury. But who can compute the amount of general health promoted by this relish for strawberries? Who can imagine how many pills that relish throws out of the market; or, in other words, to what extent that pills prepared by Mother Nature and sugar-coated, as it were, to render them more palatable, crowd out of use those prepared by the chemist and apothecary?

Page 02
Arrival of THE GLASGLOW
Cape Race, Aug. 15.

The steamship Glasglow, from Liverpool, on Wednesday the 6th, via Queenstown 7th inst., passed Cape Race at 3:30 p.m. to-day, en route to New York. She was boarded by the Press yacht, and her news obtained.

The steamship Norweigan from Quebec, arrived at Londonderry on the 5th.

The steamship Great Eastern, from New York, was off Queenstown on the 5th.

The City of New York, from New York, arrived at Queenstown on the 6th.

Page 03
The New Comet

Within the past few evenings an object of unusual interest has made its appearance in the northern portion of the heavens, and has been noted with interest by several of our citizens. It is the second comet of 1862, discovered first by Prof. Tuttle, of the Cambridge, U.S. observatory, on the night of the 18th of July last, but now first apparent to the naked eye. Its distance from the polar star is about eight degrees, being on a line with the two “pointers” of the “plough,” from the neared of which it is distant about twice as far as the pole. It is also on a line with the two principal stars in the body of the Little Bear. In brilliancy it resembles a star of the third magnitude, but when examined closely has a hazy appearance; while the tail may be with difficulty perceived streaming nearly in the direction of the pole.

Diseased Cattle
In the report issued by the Registrar-General of Scotland, he calls the attention of the public to the fact that ever since pleuropneumonia broke out among cattle of this country, a few years since, the returns of mortality show that carbuncle, a disease formerly very rare, had become comparatively common. Dr. Livingstone observed in Africa that if the flesh of animals which die from pleuropneumonia is eaten, it causes carbuncle in the persons who eat it, and that neither boiling nor roasting the flesh, nor cooking it in any way, gets rid of the poison. It is true that if such cattle are ever sold for food they are killed before they fall victims to the disease naturally, but still the poison is in them. The report suggests, as a subject for inquiry, whether the new form of disease which we term diphtheria may not be partially induced by the use of diseased flesh.

August 26, 1862, Page 01
The War
Washington, Aug. 20.

A special despatch to the Times says that Mr. Stanton stated today that the order for drafting to fill up the old regiments would be enforced without fail by the 1st of September. The old regiments which have not been recruited up to the full strength before that time, will be filled by draft.

Sedalia, Mo, Aug. 20.

Advices from the west are to the effect that the Confederate forces under Coffee, Quantrel, Cockwell, Tracy and others which were lately menacing Lexington, are in full retreat southward. – They are 4,00 strong and have 2 spiked cannon, captured from Major Foster, at Lone Jack on Friday last.

Nashville, Aug. 20.

Col. Hefferon, of the 15th Indiana Regiment, proceeded to Gallatin to-day without orders, with a force of 250, who had been posted at a bridge. He made a number of arrests of civilians. While Col. Hefferon’s party were gone on this expedition, the guerrillas burned the bridge. He made a number of arrests of civilians. While Col. Hefferon’s party were gone on this expedition, the guerrillas burned the bridge at Landorsville, and captured 14 men.

House Burned
The frame dwelling house of Mr. Robert Karr, on the Reach Road, about four miles north of Oshawa, was totally consumed by fire on the afternoon of Friday last. At the time of the accident no person was in or about the premises, Mr. Karr being at work in the harvest field on an adjoining lot, and Mrs. Karr having about half an hour previously gone up to her father’s – Mr. James Shand. The first alarm was given by a number of small children who were on their way home from school.

August 26, 1862, Page 04

The Month That Was – July 1864

All articles originally appeared in The Oshawa Vindicator

July 6, 1864, Page 1

Great Improvement in Canadian Politics and Politicians
There are some things occurring in Parliament which we notice with great satisfaction. 1st. The very magnanimous and dignified positioned assumed throughout the present extraordinary crisis by the late Lower Canada Premier, Mr. Dorion.-That gentlemen fully conceded the right of Mr. Brown or any other to act as he thought best for the country, entirely irrespective of past political or party relations, or of individual claims. This is high and patriotic ground. The country first; parties and individuals afterwards. Such a course will not hurt Mr. Dorion, who may be truly called the Bayard of Canadian politics, – the chevalier sans peur et sans reprochee.

Page 2

From Sherman’s Army
New York, July 1. The Herald’s correspondent with Sherman, under date 22nd ult. Says of the battle of Kenesse on the 17th: Heavy skirmishing opened, and towards night the rebels commenced firing fiercely. Bradley’s and Bridges’ batteries were brought to bear upon them with considerable effect, and Logan and Blair’s batteries also fiercely shelled their weeks. Hooker having repulsed them, was pressing forward while Schofield was swinging around their left, capturing many prisoners. Soon heavy musketry firing was heard, and the rebels made repeated onslaughts upon the position our troops had taken from them, but were repulsed each time.

Closing Taverns
Section 44 of Mrs. Dunkin’ Temperance Act provides that no sale of liquor, except for medicinal purposes or to travellers or boarders, shall take place at any hotel between the hours of nine o’clock on Saturday evening and six o’clock on Monday morning. This is not so stringent a provision as war formerly the law, but if it is carried out strictly, will be productive of some good at least, while the law, as it has herefore stood, has been very generally violated. We are informed that it is the intention of our Village Constable to see that the new law, with reference to sales after nine o-clock, is strictly enforced.

Oshawa School Board
On Wednesday, of last week, and adjourned special meeting of the school board took place, for the purpose of deciding upon the tender out in by Messrs. George Edwards and William T. Dingle for the erection of the addition to the school house.

July 6, 1864, Page 3

Page 4

Idle Girls
The number of idle, useless girls in all of our large cities seems to be steadily increasing. They lounge or sleep through the morning, parade the streets during the afternoons and assemble in frivolous companies of their own and the other sex to pass away their evenings. What a store of unhappiness for themselves and others are they laying up for the coming time, when real duties and high responsibilities shall be thoughtlessly assumed. They are skilled in no domestic duty-may they despise them; have no habits of industry, not taste for the useful. What will they be as wives and mothers? – Alas, for the husbands and children, and alas for themselves! Who can wonder if domestic unhappiness or domestic ruin follow! It is one of the world’s oldest maxims, that idleness is the nursing mother of all evil and wretchedness. How sadly strange is it that so many parents – mothers especially – forget this, and bring up their children in dainty idleness. They are but sowing the wind to reap the whirlwind.

July 13, 1864, Page 2

Bridge Broke Down
On Friday evening last, as Mr. John Bone was crossing the bridge near the tannery, just below the dam of Grans’ mill-pond, with a load of flour, one of the braces of the bridge gave way at the tenon, causing the bridge to break in two at the centre and precipitate Mr. Bone, with his team, wagon and flour into the stream beneath. The way was not deep, but horses, flour and driver were considerably injured by the fall. Very fortunately Mr. Bone escaped without broken bones, but got his leg sprained, and came very near being crushed under the weight of the barrels, two of them falling one on each side of him.

Unfortunate Children
On Thursday evening last, three of Mr. John Clifford’s children, two boys and a girl, were convicted of stealing iron from Mr. Arkland’s premises, and sent to Jail at Whitby, to await their trials at the next […]. Subsequently some of their friends entered bail for their appearance at court, and they were allowed to return home. It would be a mercy if they were sent off, after trial, to the Reformatory for a year or two, to give them time to overcome the propensity to which they have repeatedly shewn such a remarkable partiality.

Letter from a Canadian in the War
About a year ago the youngest brother of the editor of this journal, a lad of about 17 years, crossed the lake to Rochester to visit some friends, and finally, attracted by the $700 bounty, enlisted in an artillery regiment and went to Elmira. Here he was transferred to the 1st N.Y. Veteran Cavalry, and received the appointment of the Corporal in Co. C. As soon as the regiment- an old one- had fully recruited and drilled its raw reinforcements, it was sent to join Gen. Sigel’s command, at Martinsburg, Va., some twenty miles north west of Harper’s Ferry. Since that time he has been in all the battles under Sigel and Hunter.

July 20, 1864, Page 1

Another Great Display of Falling Stars Expected
The writer of this was among the fortunate few who witnessed the wonderful shower of meteors in the night of Nov. 13, 1833. Being at a large boarding-school, it enhanced that some of the boys caught sight of the fiery rain, and the around the whole school. For an hour to two we sat watching the sublime spectacle with mingled interest and awe. The sky was constantly lighted with hundreds of stars, shooting forth from the neighbourhood of the senith, and streaming across the heavens; each leaving a bright streak in its track that has gradually faded away.

Page 2

The War
The rebel raid into Maryland has come to an end, and is now found to have consisted of only about 15,000 troops. If its object was to capture Washington by a surprise, the involvement was a failure. But if it was merely a foraging expedition, it was exceedingly successful, for while we have accounts of an immense quantity of plunder going towards Richmond, we have not the first word of either rebels or plunder being captured by the […] of Hunter and Sigel, who are supposed to be in pursuit of the retreating columns.

The New Temperance Act
Through the kindness of Mr. Dunkins, M.P.P. we have been enabled to public, in full, in advance of all our contemporaries, the temperance act of 1864, generally known as Mr. Dunkin’s Bill. The Act is two distinct parts. The portion which we published last week, is that which provides for complete prohibition of the retail traffic in intoxicating liquor in any municipality wherein a majority of the electors are in favor of such prohibition, and furnishes the machinery for carrying out the prohibition and rendering it effectual.

July 20, 1864, Page 3

July 27, 1864, Page 2

Physical Exercise
The position of children in school is most unfavorable to sounds lungs, healthful bodies, and grateful forms. Stewart says – “A variety of exercises is necessary to preserve the animal frame is vigor and beauty.” Spursheim appropriately remarks, that “Children are shut up, forced to sit quiet, and to breathe a confined air.” This error is the greater, the more delicate the children, and the more premature their mental powers; and a premature death is frequently the consequence of such a violation of nature. Bodily deformities, curved spines, and unfitness for various occupations and the fulfillment of future duties, frequently result from such mismanagement of children.

A Public Park
A respectably signed requisition- embracing forty tolerably influential names- has been presented to the Reeve asking him to call a public meeting for the purpose of considering the propriety of securing a plot of ground, by the issue of debentures, to be used as a public park for the village, for all time to come. In response, the Reeve has called a meeting for the purpose, to be held at the town hall on Saturday evening next, commencing at half past seven o’clock.

Do Not Kill the Frogs
All night long these musical little fellows are busy singing; a few moments, and they stop to eat the larvae of insects so rabidly bred in stagnant waters. Frogs are clean animals, and love clean water, but they subsist mainly on insects. Would you kill a frog when he sings for you part of the time and spends the rest of the night in destroying mosquitoes, gnats, flies, or the eggs, are resting or deposited in the plants by the water pools? Toads in the garden are estimated as worth five dollars even to the gardener for they are constantly, night and day.

July 27, 1864, Page 3

The Science of Homemaking

By Grace A., Summer Student

In May of 1930, The Oshawa Daily Times cut the metaphorical ribbon on Oshawa Collegiate’s new technical wing with a thirty-page special edition paper. The headline read “What Technical Education Means to the Youth of Oshawa,” implying, of course, that the opening of a vocational school meant opportunity. Industry-based learning was intended to prepare students who wouldn’t be attending university for direct entry into the trades. For boys, this meant taking courses in Motor Mechanics, Drafting, Woodworking, Electricity and Blue Print Reading. The curriculum was designed by the city’s most prominent industry men. With their vast knowledge and resources, the program was state-of-the-art. Across the hall, the young girls of Oshawa were also thinking about their future. That is, as Miss V. I. Lidkea, Head of Household Science, put it – “their life work of matrimony.”

“Some of the Special Vocational Department Classrooms,” Oshawa Daily Times (Oshawa, ON), May 7, 1930.

Lidkea’s program was one of many educational opportunities which emerged in the early twentieth century that was specifically designed for girls. Home Economics was a response to the question of how women’s work might be able to adapt to industrial society. Through technical training, young girls would learn the science behind sewing, cooking, laundry, home nursing, and the management of household appliances- and it was a science. At Iowa State College, women could receive a degree in homemaking after completing rigorous courses in physics and math, as well as instructions on electric circuits and household equipment. The ideal 1930s housewife could not only use an oven, but she could take it apart and put it back together again too. Despite their proficiencies in a multitude of technical subjects, it was clear that female students would be directed towards homemaking. Perhaps the question that economists actually meant to ask was, “how can we industrialize women’s labour while maintaining the idea of separate spheres?”

In the one-page feature, “Oshawa Girls Will Take Courses in Home-Making Arts,” Lidkea specified what technical education meant for the girls of Oshawa. Like the boy’s program, Oshawa Collegiate’s Homemaking Arts courses were created for girls who would not be pursuing further education. In a rather progressive effort, Lidkea assured readers that the girls would also be given the skills to meet the needs of industry. If a student decided to contribute to the family income through waitressing or nursing, she would be considered a competitive candidate. She would be able to earn a wage, regardless of whether she was single or married. (Lidkea explained that statistics showed both single and married women were working those days.) Above all, girls could use their education to improve the standard of living in their household. She would be a more efficient cleaner, launderer, cook, and dressmaker. She would run her home like a factory. Thus, the opening of Oshawa Collegiate’s technical wing seemed to walk the line between women’s work and economic activity. Was she a wife or a worker- or both?


Sources

Bix, Amy Sue. “Equipped for Life: Gendered Technical Training and Consumerism in Home Economics, 1920-1980.” Technology and Culture 43, no. 4 (2002): 728-754.

Leonard Turner, Katherine. “A Woman’s Work Is Never Done: Cooking, Class and Women’s Work.” In How the Other Half Ate: A History of Working Class Meals at the Turn of the Century, 121-140. Oakland: University of California Press, 2014.

“Oshawa Girls Will Take Course in Home-Making Arts,” Oshawa Daily Times (Oshawa, ON), May 7, 1930.

“Some of the Special Vocational Department Classrooms,” Oshawa Daily Times (Oshawa, ON), May 7, 1930.

“What Technical Education Means to The Youth of Oshawa,” Oshawa Daily Times (Oshawa, ON), May 7, 1930.

The Month That Was – May 1864

All articles originally appeared in the Oshawa Vindicator

May 4, 1864, Page 2
New Church Bell
The new Bell for St. George’s Church, of this Village, has arrived, and is now being placed in position, ready to speak when called upon. It is from the Foundry of Meneely & Sons, of Troy, NY, one of the best establishments of the kind in America; and it presents the appearance of being in reality, a very fine piece of workmanship. On Sabbath next we will all enjoy an opportunity of judging of its tone and power. It is said to be the largest bell between Cobourg and Toronto, and with favourable weather, will be heard at distances from ten to fifteen miles. Its weight is 816lbs, and its cost, when put up, will be about $350 currency.

Excursion to the Falls
There is some talk of an immense Sons of Temperance Excursion to the Falls being got up for some day next month, by Oshawa Div. of the Sons. The subject is to be taken up by the Division for consideration and final decision, on Monday evening next. The Grand Division of CW assembles at the Falls (Town of Drummondville) on Wednesday the 22nd, and it is probable that that day will be chosen for the excursion, should it take place.

Page 3
Married
At the residence of the bride’s father, Port Oshawa, on the evening of the 14th ultimo. by Elder H Hayward, Mr. Edward Dearborn and Miss Elizabeth A Henry, daughter of Elder Thomas Henry, all of East Whitby.

Anonymous Letters
The party who sent an anonymous letter from Oshawa to a young man in Whitby, is hereby respectfully informed by latter, that no more need be sent, as the subject of that communication is of no importance to him.
Whitby, April 30, 1864

May 4 1864, 3.

May 11, 1864, page 1
Pay Up.
Fair Warning
I hereby give notice to all parties indebted to me, either by note, book account or otherwise, that if their respective amounts are not paid forthwith, I shall take legal steps to recover the same, without further notice. I have waited long enough for the many small amounts due me since retiring from business, and am determined to make a speedy collection of the same at all hazards. I’ll sue every man that does not pay up at once! That’s so!!
DF Burk, Oshawa, Sept., 23rd, 1863

Page 2
A visit to Cedar Dale
On Thursday last we took a walk down to Cedar Dale, a thriving little village just outside the Corporation of Oshawa, on the south side of the grand trunk railway, and but a few rods from the station. Cedar Dale owes its existence to the fact that a splendid location for a millpond and waterpower has, for ages past, for ought we know to the contrary, existed in that vicinity on the property owned by Mr. Thomas Conant, which waterpower two enterprising Yankees named AS Whiting and EC Tuttle purchased in turned to account in driving the machinery of their Scythe, Hoe, and Fork Manufacturing.

The Oshawa Scythe, Hoe, and Fork Manufacturing with established by the two gentlemen above named some five or six years ago, soon after the failure of the Oshawa Manufacturing Company, in the north branch of that companies building. The entire premises owned by that company were soon afterwards sold at option and purchased by Joseph Hall, of Rochester. Messrs. Whiting and Tuttle carried on their business as usual in the old premises, until Mr. Hall’s run of that work became so large as to require the whole shop; when it was mutually agreed that the Oshawa Scythe, Hoe, and Fork establishment should move. Its proprietors, with an eye to the saving of the cost of steam power, examined Mr. Conant’s mill site, and firm in the conviction that it was the spot for them, being close to the railway station, to Oshawa, and to the harbour at Port Oshawa, they soon came to terms period two years ago last January, the axe was the first set at work towards clearing the forest on the site of the now thriving little manufacturing village of Cedar Dale. Not only was the immediate site of the factory an village cleared, but the whole of the flats on both sides of the Creek, which the water was to overflow, were also cleared of trees and rubbish—a thing not often done—and the consequence is that a fine, clear, wholesome sheet of water now fills the basin, instead of its being a dirty pool, build with dead, broken an unsightly trees, an rotten logs, once at once an eyesore and a breeder of disease for the neighborhood. Looking to the possibilities of the future, the dam was constructed in a very strong manner, and a very wide floodway built, so that it is believed that the breaking away of half a dozen mill dams above cannot affect this one.

The factory is built some 10 or 15 yards south of the east end of the dam, the water being conveyed to it by a raceway, along the brow of the hill, on the east side of the flats. All the manufacturing operations are carried on in the one building, which is 266 by 40 feet in extent and one and a half storeys in height. The water wheel, which is placed near the centre of the building, is a small but powerful affair. It is a turbine wheel of about four feet in diameter, but exerts a driving power equal to that of 70 horses…

…So long as Messrs. Whiting and Tuttle make scythes, hoes, and forks in Canada (which we may safely say will be so long as they live at least) they will make them cheaper and better than anybody else can, simply because they know how to do it, and are determined to do it, no matter what it temporarily costs.

May 11, 1864, 3.

May 18, 1864 page 2
Early Records of the Township of Whitby
We give, below, as promised, a list of the names of all the heads of families of the old Township of Whitby in the year 1822, as found recorded on six of the pages of the old record book from which we have been making quotations for the benefit, chiefly, of “our oldest inhabitants.” Following each name, in the record from which we copy, our figures showing the number of males and females in each family, the number over and the number under 16, and the number of servants, or hired men. For the sake of brevity, however, we omit all except the totals. The old Township of Whitby, to which this list relates, is now divided up into four municipalities, viz:—the two townships of Whitby and East Whitby, the town of Whitby, and the village of Oshawa.

Census of the Township of Whitby for the year 1822

Heads of FamiliesTotal of FamilyHeads of FamilyTotal of Family
Matthew Terwilligar6Wm. Maxim4
Samuel Dearborn8Alva Way2
Josiah Cleaveland4Michael Wood[6]
Reuben Warren11[Henry] Crawford3
Charles Annis5John Way3
Samuel Dorman2Lawrence D. Way3
Thomas Henry4James [Han      ]6
William Hall7David Jones5
William Pickel7Cornelius Jones7
Abraham Terwilligar5Israel Gibbs[8]
Charles Terwilligar5John McGregor, senr.3
William Farewell11Matthias Mackey7
Ackeus Farewell10Daniel DeHart, jnr5
George McGill6Samuel Jameyson9
Abraham Coryell10Daniel DeHart3
Benjamin Stone11Jabez Lynde12
George Hinkson8George Paxton4
Thomas Herriman8Hawkins Lynde4
William Karr7Joseph Edmunds5
John Karr9Alexander Armstrong1
John McGregor2John Warren4
Benjamin Rogers5John Demaray8
James Hall7Richard Martin8
Benjamin [Labrae]5William Huntington6
John Elliot3Richard Gardiner10
Joseph [Beuway]3Henry P. Smith6
Peter Lapoint8Thomas Moore7
Lewis Drolette2Edmund Oragan4
Wm. F. Moore5John Furguson1
John Hews3Isaac Beachman2
Richard Amsbary8John Blake5
Rufus Hall11George Moore4
David Demaray10Samuel Moore3
Enoch Davis7Thomas Liddle3
George Dean5Sylvester Lynde1
Josiah Farewell9Wm. Paxton4
Michael Wilcocks3Lawrence Smith5
Joseph Wileigh6Samuel Cochrane6
Joseph Witterfield7Joseph [I Losce][13]
Norris Karr2Stephen Smith7
Godfrey Avickhouser5Nicholas Demaray11
Wm H Wade5John Still[8]
John Starr2Caleb Elsworth11
Aaron Martin, 2nd1Gershum Herrick1
Samuel Demaray2David Young[8]
Widow Anna Martin5Moses Hemmingway9
[Russel Hoag]5Thomas Provost6
John King5Henry McGahan9
James Starr4W. Nancy Smith4
Edward Starr4Parnell Webb3
John Kent4[Ju     ] A Seeley9
Jabez Hall8Hass[  ]rd Watson2
Caleb Crawford9John Quick7
William Marsh8George Townsend5
Richard Demaray10Jacob Dehart5
Joseph Shand2Thomas Dehart[8]
John Williams7Barnabas Malby3
Jonathan Steward7James Young9
Randal Marsh9Thomas McGahan4
Joseph [LaHaire]2Abraham Brown5
Benjamin Varnum8Silas Watson5
Aaron Martin Senr.,13John Allen4
Alex C. Harlow3Ichabod Hodge6
David Stafford2Widow C Young10

Total Inhabitants,742

Accident – We learn that while Mr. Mackie, of Harmony, was on his way to (or from) church in this village, on Sabbath last, one of the horses which he was driving incautiously stepped up on a stick, one end of which flew up and  stuck into the horse’s body, making such a fearful wound that the animal speedily bled to death on the spot. Mt. Mackie appears to be rather unfortunate with his horses, having lost a valuable animal in a similar way only two years since.

May 25, 1864, page 2
Godey’s Lady’s Book – The June number of this best Ladies’ Magazine in the world is to hand.  This issue completes it’s thirty-fourth year, and they have been thirty-four years of regular success in the business of providing a first-class ladies’ monthly. A large amount of space in this number is devoted to patterns for children’s dresses. The Lady’s Book can be had at Allan’s and at Willox’s. Always inquire for Godey’s Book and buy it, and then you will have the best.

Page 3
House in Oshawa For Sale
For sale, on Water Street, Oshawa, that story and a half Frame House next south of the residence of GH Grierson, Esq., together with the Lot of land (half of an acre) on which it is situated. – There is a fine orchard of apple, plum, and pear trees, &c., and a large number of smaller fruit bushes, all in bearing. Will be sold at a great bargain for cash. Apply, if by letter, post paid, to
C. Warren, Oshawa, May 16th, 1864

May 25, 1864, 3.